I've seen interesting baits and lures used but here we use a lot of natural stuff other than plugs and lures... Some of the traditional baits we regularly use..(I'm strictly talking about River Fishing)
1. Bundia(Bhujia Bundia) Mix it with red food color and you're good to go with all kinds of fish.
2. Wild Fruits-Small in size, tedious to collect but good for big fish(1 kg plus).
3. Insects- Ranging from termites, grasshoppers to ants and flies. Termites are the best for Ropeway fishing.
Please share if anybody else have any other traditional baits.
Thanks for asking to share.... since I'm new and since this thread hasn't got many replies I can share some... I can't be sure of the hit rates but I have faith they do work.
Flours, most of them or a mix of all or a few are good. It depends on how frequently one fishes and how frequently at a specific spot. One very nice friend from here once mentioned its not the quality or the quantity its what they get used to feeding on... Flours work.
Earthworms are the most tried and tested bait. Sometimes hard to find and sometimes when found very skinny and puny to notice, I've been faced with this problem for sometime since I've taken to the sport again found worms only twice and the first time was the charm the worms were nice and fat and I got my bite and fish, the second time I don't know what happened! It was a funny experience. None the less I did have a little experience in wormiculture which definitely will help. Its a process where you culture worms! If you have some land and can make a decomposition pit then even better your worms will grow bigger very fast and will also help in decomposing the soil which is going to become priceless after sometime, considering everyone has money but not as much source for food.
Its quite a write up so we'll leave the detailed decomposition pit as we're more concerned with worms and some of us live in flats.
For those who have land a decomposition pit is very easy to make, just separate your waste, biodegradable form non biodegradable and accumulate it on a spot on your land cover it with lots of debris which is moist grass and all leaves etc which keep falling. once all waste is completely covered with grass and leaves throw lots of water on it and let it stay for a month or 2, you will be surprised most of this waste turns into good potent soil which can also be used as a fertilized manure for your other plans and soil.
For worms.... First get a big pot which has a hole at the bottom for ventilation, most pots do. this is very essential. Now make a layer of rocks or broken bricks, make sure its uneven with lots of spaces between them, this layer can take up 1/4th of the pots size. now find some soild and throw some on, not too much just enough to seep into the spaces of the top rocks, be careful not to put too much and seal all the spaces, on this mud, find fresh cowdung and make a small 1/2 inch layer on this layer place worms 10 worms of any size are good. on those worms put some more cowdung, on that cowdung put lots of mud, all whats in the pot should take up 3/4th of the space, top up the pot with lots of grass and debris. and throw in some water so all the leaves and grass remain moist.
Logic is they will reproduce! cowdung is like cerelac or baby food for baby worms! keep the moisture on every evening throw some more water on the debris don't let it dry out. after 30 days you open the whole thing and you'll see many big sized worms which can be used for fishing or can be thrown into the decomposition pits. further more! if you have plants then before you remove everything just throw in quite some water for it to pass through the whole at the bottom and collect the water! this water is wormi wash which acts as a fertilizer and pesticide for all plants! so you can mix it up with some water and dilute it a bit and spray them on your plants!
Worms and flour are the best baits possible, beyond this there are recipies and masalas and what not! but worms are definitely one of the best baits most fisherman/anglers swear by! the bigger and juicier they are the more attracted the fish are.
Hoping this info helps with not only fishing but gardening and a little bit of environmental conservation too!